PRESENT INDICATIVE - SPANISH

FORMATION

 

 

It depends on the conjugation. Let’s have a look step by step:

1.       “-ar, -er, -ir” is dropped and the following endings must be added. This process is similar with all regular verbs.

 

A)     First conjugation “-ar”: o, as, a, amos, áis, an

 

Amar (Love)

 

Yo amo

Tu amas

El / Ella ama

Nosotros / as amamos

Vosotros / as amáis

Ellos / as aman

 

B)      Second conjugation “-er”: o, es, e, emos, éis, en

 

Comer (Eat)

 

Yo como

Tu comes

El / Ella come

Nosotros / as comemos

Vosotros / as  coméis

Ellos / as comen

 

C)      Third conjugation “-ir”: o, es, e, imos, ís, en

 

Prohibir (Ban)

 

Yo prohíbo

Tu prohíbes

El prohíbe

Nosotros prohibimos

Vosotros prohibís

Ellos prohiben

 

IRREGULAR VERBS: Irregular verbs share conjugation regular endings, except in first person singular which is irregular. This first person singular may determine the new verbal root that verbal forms will follow.  But, there are irregular verbs which present irregular forms in first and second person singular without following any regular path. This fact implies learning by heart Spanish Irregular Verbs. For example:

 

IR (Go) 

 

(This verb follows first conjugation endings, although it finishes in -"ir")

 

Yo voy 

Tu vas 

El / Ella va

Nosotros /as vamos 

Vosotros / as vais 

Ellos van

 

SER 

 

(Verb "ser" is probably the most irregular one in Spanish)

 

Yo soy

Tu eres 

El es

Nosotros somos

Vosotros sois 

Ellos son

USE

 

Main uses:

 

 

1. Present Indicative is used to talk about habitual actions. For example:

 

 

George va a la escuela todos los días.

 

George goes to school everyday.

 

 

2. When we talk about a near future, present indicative is used. For example:

 

Tom juega al futbol esta tarde. 

 

Tom is playing football this afternoon

 

A near future can be said in English using present continuous, but not in Spanish.

 

 

3. Scientific or universal truth. For example:

 

El sol sale por el este / El agua hierve a 100 grados.

 

The sun rises in the east / Water boils at a hundred degrees.